How to support children with special needs or learning difficulties in primary school

Inclusive education is a fundamental right for all boys and girls. However, there are some students who have special needs or learning difficulties that may require special attention.


Therefore, it is important that teachers, fathers and mothers become actively involved in the schooling process of these students, providing them with the necessary tools so that they can develop their potential to the fullest.


In this article, we will present some strategies that can help support children with special needs or learning difficulties in primary school.

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Get to know students and their needs

 One of the first steps in supporting children with special needs is to get to know them well. Teachers should be in contact with the parents of these students to obtain information about their abilities, needs and preferences.


In addition, they must take into account previous evaluation reports and any other relevant information about the student. This will allow teachers to tailor their teaching to meet the specific needs of the student.

Promote the active participation of fathers and mothers

The active participation of parents is fundamental to the success of the student with special needs. Teachers must communicate regularly with the parents of these students to keep them informed about their children’s progress.


Additionally, they must involve them in decision-making related to their children’s education, such as the selection of support programs, the selection of educational materials, and the identification of short- and long-term educational objectives.

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Adapt teaching to the needs of students

Each student has their own way of learning, and this is especially true for students with special needs or learning difficulties. Teachers must tailor their teaching to meet the needs of each student.


This may include the use of adapted materials, such as large print or braille books, or the use of assistive technology for learning. They may also need to modify the pace of instruction, the focus of instruction, the use of visual and auditory supports, and the assessment of student progress.

Provide a safe and welcoming environment

It is important that students feel safe and welcome in the educational environment. Teachers must work to create a positive environment that fosters inclusion and mutual respect.


In addition, attention should be paid to the need for physical accommodations to ensure access to school facilities, such as wheelchair ramps or translation services for students with language needs.

Foster collaboration between teachers

Teacher collaboration can be a very effective tool to support children with special needs. Teachers can often share information and strategies to help students overcome difficulties they face in the classroom. Collaboration can also help ensure that students with special needs receive a consistent and equitable approach in all areas of the school.


Teachers can collaborate through regular team meetings and through the use of digital tools and shared resources online. Additionally, it is important for teachers to share best practices and strategies that have worked in the classroom with other teachers, as this can help foster the development of a culture of collaborative learning.


Another way to foster collaboration among teachers is through ongoing training and professional development. Continuing education programs can provide teachers with the opportunity to learn new strategies and skills to help students with special needs. In addition, teachers can also work with special education specialists and other professionals in the community to develop more effective teaching approaches for students with special needs.

Use technological tools for inclusive education

Currently, there are a large number of technological tools that can be used to support the learning of students with special needs. These tools can be applications, programs, online platforms, among other options.


For example, there are tools that allow the creation of multimedia content, which can be of great help for students with visual or hearing impairments. There are also applications that can help children with dyslexia to improve their reading and writing skills, through interactive exercises adapted to their specific needs.


It is important that teachers and parents are aware of the available tools and are trained in their use in order to apply them in the classroom and at home. In addition, tools that adapt to the specific needs of each boy or girl should be sought.

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Work collaboratively with support professionals

In many cases, students with special needs require the support of professionals specialized in the most diverse fields. It is important to establish fluid communication with these professionals and work collaboratively to ensure that the student receives the support they need.


Support professionals can provide guidance and advice to teachers and parents on the best strategies to support the student with special needs, as well as work directly with the student to develop specific skills.

It is also important to seek support in the community in the field of health. Health care services can provide valuable information and resources for children with special needs and their families. Pediatricians, for example, can provide advice on health and wellness best practices, while mental health specialists can offer therapy and treatment for emotional and behavioral problems.


In addition, physical therapy and occupational therapy services can help children with physical disabilities develop movement and motor skills.

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Promote an environment of inclusion and respect

For the inclusive education process to be successful, it is essential that an atmosphere of inclusion and respect be fostered at school and at home. This implies that respect for diversity is promoted and any type of discrimination or exclusion is avoided.


Teachers and parents should promote inclusion through activities and dynamics that promote teamwork and cooperation among students. It is also important that respect for the individuality of each student is promoted and that their diversity is valued.

Provide constant feedback

Constant feedback is critical to any student’s learning process, but it is especially important for students with special needs. Providing consistent and specific feedback helps them better understand what they are doing well and what they need to improve.


It is important that the feedback is clear and constructive, and that it is given in a language that the student can understand. It is also essential that the feedback is constant, since this allows students to make adjustments in time and improve their performance.

Seek support in the community

Another important strategy to support children with special needs or learning difficulties in elementary school is to seek support in the community. This can be of great help to both teachers and parents, as it can provide additional resources and specialist knowledge that are essential for the education of these children.

One way to seek support in the community is through local organizations, such as groups for parents of children with special needs or associations for people with disabilities. 


These groups can provide valuable information and resources, such as educational workshops and talks, information on disability rights and laws, and practical tips for dealing with everyday situations. In addition, they can offer an emotional support network for parents who are going through difficult times.


Another way to seek support in the community is through volunteers. Many voluntary organizations can offer tutoring and school support services, which can be of great help to children with special needs. For example, a psychology student might volunteer their time to work with a child with a disability on a school project. In this way, the child gets the extra support they need and the volunteer gets hands-on experience and a unique learning opportunity.

In conclusion, it is essential that all the actors involved in the education of children with special needs or learning difficulties work together to support their schooling process in an inclusive and effective manner. Teachers must be trained to provide a differential education tailored to the needs of each child, and parents must be informed and willing to actively collaborate in the educational process of their children.


It is important to remember that each child with special needs is unique and requires a specific approach for their learning process to be successful. Therefore, it is essential to be up-to-date and know the most effective strategies to support these children on their path to academic and personal success.


Finally, we invite readers to share in the comments other strategies that have been effective in their experience as teachers, parents of children with special needs or learning difficulties. Inclusive education is everyone’s commitment and together we can ensure that each child reaches their full potential.

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